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Six red flags in skincare products you should avoid



In recent years, the skincare industry has witnessed an influx of brands that sell organic and natural skincare products. However, most of these products end up being unsafe for the skin.

A 2022 report ranked Nigeria’s women as the highest consumers of these creams and products; some of which have also been proven harmful to the skin and health generally.

While getting your skincare products, here are red flags to avoid.

  • Products with missing ingredients list

Skincare products that do not have a clear ingredient list raise significant concerns and should be avoided.

If a product is legitimate, there should be an ingredients list that provides information about how it is formulated — what is there to hide?

Without an ingredients list, it will become quite difficult for you to know if the product is suitable for your skin or has any harmful ingredients. This can further lead to skin reactions, allergies, and other adverse effects.

  • Skincare products without regulatory approvals

Steer clear of products that have no regulatory approvals or certifications from relevant health authorities like NAFDAC, if the product is produced in Nigeria.

If a product is approved, it means it met the safety and quality standards set by these authorities. So the absence of regulatory approval means there is no guarantee of the product’s effectiveness and can cause adverse effects when used.

So make sure to check for the NAFDAC number of Nigeria-made skincare products when purchasing. As it is now very easy for anybody to set up a social media account as a skincare brand or vendor without following the necessary guidelines.


  • Skincare products with unrealistic or magical result claims

‘It clears acne in 7 days’, and ‘It brightens your skin in 3 days’ — these tend to be the trending marketing strategy of most ‘organic’ skincare products.

However, it should be known that perfect glowing skin cannot happen overnight, it is a gradual process that requires patience and commitment.

So be careful with those products that promise magical results as they lack research and evidence.

Rather choose skincare products that align with your skincare needs and are backed up with realistic claims.

  • ‘All in one/ Multipurpose’ skincare products

This is a major red flag in any skincare product and should be avoided.

A product serving different purposes may seem convenient for you probably economically. But in reality, it is suspicious, just one product caters to acne, hyperpigmentation, sun protection — how?

Combining multiple active ingredients in a single product can reduce the efficacy of a product and even cause adverse reactions when used.

  • Skincare products that claim to change your complexion

The primary reason for skincare is to have a radiant and even skin tone, so products that promise drastic changes in complexion should raise red flags.

Most organic skincare brand now sells skin whitening or lightening products instead of products that make the skin tone even.

It should be known that these skin-lightening or whitening ingredients have adverse effects. For example, hydroquinone and mercury have been proven to be associated with skin irritation, sensitivity, and even serious health risks.

  • Skincare products without expiry date

Skincare products that do not have necessary information like expiry can be harmful to the customers.

The expiry date is crucial to know the product’s shelf life and ensure its effectiveness and safety.

If a product does not have an expiry date, it becomes hard to know if they are still safe to be used.

Also, using skincare products when they are expired can lead to skin irritation and allergic reactions.

To get your desired skin goal, prioritize products with proven efficacy, genuine ingredients, and transparent marketing practices. Also, seek the help of a dermatologist when necessary


Turmeric may be as effective as medicine in treating indigestion, study says




A study says turmeric, a natural compound found in spice, may be as good for treating indigestion as medicine.

According to the study published in the medical journal, curcumin, a natural compound found in turmeric, may be as effective as omeprazole, a drug used to treat dyspepsia (indigestion).

Turmeric is thought to have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties and has long been used as a medicinal remedy, including for the treatment of indigestion.

The study involved 206 patients aged 18 to 70 with recurrent upset stomach who were recruited from hospitals in Thailand between 2019 and 2020.

The participants were randomly assigned to three treatment groups for 28 days.

One group received two large 250 mg capsules of curcumin (turmeric) four times a day and one small dummy capsule; another received one small 20 mg capsule omeprazole daily and two large dummy capsules 4 times a day; and the last group received turmeric plus omeprazole.

Patients in all three groups were evaluated for their symptoms after 28 days and then again after 56.

The researchers found that oral curcumin was safe and well tolerated, and that patients in all three groups experienced a similar improvement in symptoms.

“Curcumin and omeprazole had comparable efficacy for functional dyspepsia with no obvious synergistic effect,” the researchers concluded.

“This multi-centre randomised controlled trial provides highly reliable evidence for the treatment of functional dyspepsia.

“The new findings from our study may justify considering curcumin in clinical practice.”

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5 foods and drinks to avoid while on drugs




Some drinks and foods don’t mix with prescription drugs.

When the doctor prescribes certain drugs, there are drinks and foods you should stay away from so your drugs can work effectively.

Here they are:

Dark chocolate, in particular, might reduce the effectiveness of medications used to relax or induce sleep, such as zolpidem tartrate (Ambien) and methylphenidate (Ritalin) for those with hyperactivity. If you take a MAO inhibitor, which is used to treat depression with chocolate, it can cause dangerously high blood pressure.

Calcium in dairy products, such as milk, cheese, and yoghurt, can inhibit drug absorption in antibiotics like tetracycline and ciprofloxacin. This compromises the medication’s effectiveness in treating infections. Avoid calcium-containing meals an hour before or two hours after taking these antibiotics.

Grapefruit, a citrus fruit, can affect over 50 drugs in the gut, making some less effective and others too strong, especially cholesterol-lowering drugs like atorvastatin.

Eating grapefruit or grapefruit juice can inhibit an enzyme necessary for statin metabolism, increasing the risk of side effects like muscle pain. The most problematic statins are atorvastatin, lovastatin, and simvastatin, which are commonly used in cholesterol-lowering drugs.

To be safer, patients are advised to avoid grapefruit and grapefruit juice entirely while on statins.

Apple or orange juice can decrease levels of beta-blockers like Tenormin and Tekturna which prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems.

New-generation antihistamines for allergies can also interact with acidic juices like apple, orange, and grapefruit, affecting absorption and neutralizing the effect of these medications.

For those taking calcium channel blockers, avoid grapefruit juice, as it can render the drug ineffective. Also avoid orange fruit juice if you are on malaria drugs.

  1. Alcohol and most drugs
    Alcohol can impair the efficacy of drugs, weaken blood pressure and cardiac medications, or enhance their effect and produce dangerous adverse effects.
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7 effects of prolonged headphone usage




In our modern world, headphones have become an indispensable accessory which has become more like a necessity.

Whether we’re grooving to our favourite tunes, immersing ourselves in a thrilling podcast, or trying to find some peace in a noisy environment, headphones offer a convenient escape. However, the convenience they provide comes at a cost.

Prolonged headphone usage can have detrimental effects on our physical and mental well-being.

One of the most apparent consequences of excessive headphone usage is hearing damage.

The World Health Organization estimates that over a billion young people worldwide are at risk of hearing loss due to unsafe listening practices, including the prolonged use of headphones at high volumes.

When the volume is cranked up to dangerous levels, it can cause permanent damage to the delicate hair cells in our inner ears, leading to hearing impairment.

Wearing headphones for extended periods can also increase the risk of ear infections. The enclosed environment inside the ear cups can trap moisture, creating a breeding ground for bacteria.

Over time, this can lead to painful ear infections and discomfort, potentially requiring medical attention.

Tinnitus, often described as a persistent ringing, buzzing, or hissing sound in the ears, can be a consequence of excessive headphone use. Listening to music or other audio at high volumes can overstimulate the auditory nerves, leading to the perception of these phantom sounds. Tinnitus can be not only distressing but also challenging to treat.

While headphones offer a refuge from external noise, prolonged use can result in social isolation.

When we constantly plug into our own private auditory world, we may unintentionally distance ourselves from friends, family, and the surrounding environment.

This isolation can lead to a decline in interpersonal relationships and a disconnect from the real world.

Listening to calming music can be a great stress reliever, but when used excessively or in noisy environments, headphones can contribute to stress and anxiety.

The need to block out external sounds can indicate a desire to escape from stressors, and this can become a maladaptive coping mechanism, potentially exacerbating mental health issues.

Wearing headphones for long hours can cause physical discomfort, such as ear pain and soreness.

The pressure applied to the ears and the heat generated within the ear cups can lead to irritation and discomfort. This discomfort can be particularly pronounced when using over-ear headphones.

Prolonged headphone usage can also impact cognitive function. Constant exposure to loud music or audio can reduce concentration and productivity levels, making it harder to focus on tasks.

This is especially concerning for students and professionals who rely on their ability to concentrate.

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Bodex F. Hungbo, SPMIIM is a multiple award-winning Nigerian Digital Media Practitioner, Digital Strategist, PR consultant, Brand and Event Expert, Tv Presenter, Tier-A Blogger/Influencer, and a top cobbler in Nigeria.

She has widespread experiences across different professions and skills, which includes experiences in; Marketing, Media, Broadcasting, Brand and Event Management, Administration and Management with prior stints at MTN, NAPIMS-NNPC, GLOBAL FLEET OIL AND GAS, LTV, Silverbird and a host of others

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