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CBN raises CRR to 32.5%, to debit banks’ accounts tomorrow



The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has directed all commercial banks to fund their accounts by Thursday to allow for the mopping-up of liquidity.

The development is coming after the monetary policy committee (MPC) raised the cash reserve ratio (CRR) from 27.5 percent to 32.5 percent to tame inflationary pressure.

Godwin Emefiele, governor of the apex bank, said this on Tuesday while fielding questions from journalists after the committee’s meeting at the CBN headquarters in Abuja.

CRR is the share of a bank’s total customer deposit that must be kept with the central bank.

CRR is one of the ways CBN regulates the country’s money supply, inflation level and liquidity in the country. The higher the rate, the lower the liquidity with the banks.

Emefiele said the directive would allow the apex bank to achieve its desired results.

“We have increased the CRR, and we expect that this decision at this meeting must be seen to be potent and must achieve the effect that the MPC thinks it should achieve,” he said.

“We expect that all the banks in Nigeria must fund their accounts by Thursday, 48 hours because we will debit them for CRR.

“We will take their CRR to a minimum of 32.5 which means we are going to take liquidity out of their vaults by Thursday.”

He added that if any bank fails to meet up, the apex bank may need to “preclude those banks from foreign exchange market until they meet this 32.5”.

“This message is meant to underscore the fact that this very aggressive decision to rein in inflation must yield results. We do not want to face Nigerians in the next few months, and we begin to take the blame for not being able to rein in inflation and in spite of all of the rates that we raised,” the CBN governor said.

“So we have decided to adopt a two-pronged approach by increasing CRR – we want to see interest rate go up and CRR going up because we must mop liquidity effectively out of the vaults of the bank.”

The committee also raised the monetary policy rate (MPR), which measures interest rate, from 14 percent to 15.5 percent.



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Reps summon Emefiele, demand suspension of new cash withdrawal limit




The house of representatives has asked the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) to suspend the limits on weekly cash withdrawals by individuals and corporate entities.

The lawmakers also summoned Godwin Emefiele, CBN governor, over the new policy scheduled to take effect on January 9, 2023.

The resolution was passed during a plenary session on Thursday following the adoption of a motion of urgent public importance sponsored by Aliyu Magaji, a lawmaker from Jigawa.

In a memo issued on Tuesday, signed by the Director of Banking Supervision, Haruna Mustafa, the apex bank directed all banks and other financial institutions to ensure that over-the-counter cash withdrawals by individuals and corporate entities do not exceed N100,000 and N500, 000, respectively, per week.

It also directed that only N200 and lower denominations should be loaded into banks’ ATMs.

At the plenary, the lawmakers resolved that CBN should halt the implementation pending conclusion of probe.

Emefiele is expected to appear next Thursday.

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Diesel cost: NRC hikes fares on Lagos-Ibadan train service




The Nigeria Railway Corporation (NRC) has announced new fares for Lagos-Ibadan and Lagos-Abeokuta train services.

In August, NRC reduced the number of trips on the Lagos-Ibadan route due to a hike in the price of diesel.

In a memo seen by newsmen, the train services for the Lagos-Ibadan route were given new fares.

“The new fare on Lagos – Ibadan Train Service (LITS),” the memo reads.

“Lagos – Ibadan, and Ibadan – Lagos; First class (9,000), Business, (6500), Standard, adult (3600), minor (3000).

“Lagos – Abeokuta, and Abeokuta – Lagos; First class (6,000); Business (4,500), Standard, adult (3,000), minor (2,000).

“Abeokuta – Ibadan, and Ibadan – Abeokuta; First class (3,000), Business (2,000), Standard, adult (1,000), Standard, minor (600).”

Meanwhile, last week, the NRC hinted on the increased cost of diesel and other logistics which can be a significant determinant in the new price of train services.

Fidet Okhiria, NRC managing director, had said the increase in price would be done while considering the interests of Nigerians.

Okhiria also called on passengers to make some sacrifices and collaborate with the corporation to ensure the continued provision of the service.

“It is better to have it operating than not operating. It is the service we are providing but in order to provide it, everybody has to make some sacrifices,” Okhiria had said.

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CBN reduces over-the-counter withdrawals to N100k, N500k per week for individuals and companies




The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has announced a new policy that mandates deposit money banks and other financial institutions to ensure that over-the-counter cash withdrawals by individuals and corporate entities do not exceed N100, 000 and N500, 000, respectively, per week.

The revised cash withdrawal limits, contained in a circular issued today by the apex bank and seen by newsmen, will take effect nationwide on January 9, 2023.

After the policy takes effect, all cash withdrawals above the stated limits will attract processing fees of 5% and 10%, respectively.

The new policy is coming barely weeks after President Muhammadu Buhari launched the newly redesigned N200, N500, and N1000 banknotes.

In line with the new cash withdrawal limits, any third-party cheques above N50, 000 will not be processed over the counter by any bank. The CBN said the “extant limits of N10, 000, 000 on clearing cheques still subsist”.

Weekly withdrawals through automated teller machines (ATMs) will be reduced to N100, 000 per individual. Withdrawals through this will be subject to an N20, 000 daily withdrawal limit.
In the same vein, the daily withdrawal limit through a point of sale (POS) terminals is N20, 000.

Note that the new N500 and N1000 banknotes will not be withdrawn through ATMs, as only N200 and below will be made available through the channel.

The CBN said there is a provision for individuals and corporates to withdraw N5 million and N10 million, respectively, once a month.

However, this is only for rare occasions and all parties intending to take advantage of this provision must provide compelling evidence of legitimate business purposes.

“In compelling circumstances, not exceeding once a month, where cash withdrawal above the prescribed limits is required for legitimate purposes, such cash withdrawals shall not exceed N5, 000,000 and N10, 000, 000 for individuals and corporate organisations, respectively, and shall be subject to the referenced processing fees in (1) above, in addition to the enhanced due diligence and further information requirements.”

To qualify for this exception, individuals and corporate organisations must provide the following information:

Valid means of identification.
Bank verification number (BVN)
Notarised declaration by the customer stating the reason for the excess cash withdrawal.

Written approval by the Managing Directors for drawees withdrawing on behalf of companies.
The CEOs of banks must authorise such withdrawals in writing.

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