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US surgeons perform first-ever whole eye transplant



Surgeons in New York, United States, have performed the first-ever whole eye transplant on a human.

Before now, doctors have only been able to transplant the cornea, the transparent layer forming the front of the eye.

The recipient of the eye, Aaron James, is a 46-year-old who survived a work-related high-voltage electrical accident that destroyed the left side of the face, nose, mouth and left eye.

To encourage healing of the connection between the donor and recipient optic nerves, the surgical team at NYU Langone Health, harvested adult stem cells from the donor’s bone marrow and injected them into the optic nerve during the transplant.

This was done in hopes that they would replace damaged cells and protect the nerve.

The transplant surgery took 21 hours.

The surgeons said six months since the surgery, the grafted eye has shown important signs of health, including well-functioning blood vessels and a promising-looking retina.However, the transplanted eye is presently not communicating with the brain through the optic nerve.

Eduardo Rodriguez, the surgeon who led the team, said the doctors were initially just planning to include the eyeball as part of the face transplant for cosmetic reasons.

“The mere fact that we transplanted an eye is a huge step forward, something that for centuries has been thought about, but it’s never been performed,” he said

“If some form of vision restoration occurred, it would be wonderful, but the goal was for us to perform the technical operation and have the eyeball survive. Whatever happens going forward will be monitored.”

Rodriguez said transplantation of a viable eye globe opens many new possibilities, even if sight is not restored in this case.

He added that other research teams are developing ways to connect nerve networks in the brain to sightless eyes through the insertion of electrodes, to allow vision.

“If we can work with other scientists that are working on other methods of restoring vision or restoring images to the visual cortex, I think we’re one step closer,” he said.


Drama as fart sound interrupts John Kerry’s speech during COP28 panel session




Videos showing how John Kerry, United States special presidential envoy on climate, was interrupted by a fart sound during a COP28 panel session in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE), have surfaced on the internet.

Kerry was speaking on US policy on coal power plants at the climate change conference on Sunday before the interference.

“There shouldn’t be any more coal-fired power plants permitted anywhere in the world,” the US climate envoy said.

“I find myself getting more and more militant because I do not understand how adults who are in a position of responsibility can be avoiding responsibility for taking away those things that are killing people on a daily basis…,” Kerry added before the sound erupted.

In videos shared on social media, Becky Anderson, managing editor of CNN Abu Dhabi, who sat next to the US official, immediately jerks her head aside and places a hand to her mouth.

After pausing for a split second in what appears to be a brief moment of realisation, Kerry continued his speech.

“And the reality is that the climate crisis and the health crisis are one and the same,” he said.

Here are some reactions.

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Mo Abudu, Okonjo-Iweala make Forbes’ ‘100 most powerful women’ list




Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, the director-general of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), and Mo Abudu, the media entrepreneur, have been named among the ‘world’s 100 most powerful women in 2023’ by Forbes, the US business magazine.

In a feature published on Tuesday, Forbes said the list was compiled using four metrics — money, media, impact, and spheres of influence.

The magazine said approach ensures the list recognises women who are not only financially powerful but also making a significant impact on the world.

“The 2023 Power List was determined by four main metrics: money, media, impact, and spheres of influence,” Forbes wrote.

“For political leaders, we weighed gross domestic products and populations; for corporate chiefs, revenues, valuations, and employee counts were critical.

“Media mentions and social reach were analyzed for all. The result: 100 women who are shaping the policies, products, and political fights that define our world.”

Okonjo-Iweala and Abudu both secured the 87th and 98th spots, respectively.

Other women who made the list include Beyoncé, Rihanna, Taylor Swift, Oprah Winfrey, and Kamala Harris.

This year’s top 100 females list featured women from six categories — business (37), technology (9), finance (19), media & entertainment (12), politics & policy (18), and philanthropy (5).

This is not the first time Nigerian women have been recognised by Forbes.

In 2020, Okonjo-Iweala was named Forbes’ ‘African woman of the year’.

She has also been included on Forbes’ ‘most powerful women’ list in 2021 and 2022.

Okonjo-Iweala is an economist and international development professional.

She has more than 30 years of experience working in various parts of the world.

In March 2021, she became the first woman and the first African to serve as the WTO’s DG.

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UK announces stricter measures to cut migration by 300,000 per year




The United Kingdom has made stricter amendments to its immigration laws, further tightening the already stringent regulations governing the entry of foreigners into the country.

A statement released by the Home Office on Monday said the new plan to slash migration levels and curb abuse of the immigration system will deliver the biggest ever reduction in the country’s net migration.

“Together, this package will mean around 300,000 people who came to the UK last year would now not be able to come,” the statement said.

Under plans set out by James Cleverly, home secretary, workers will need to earn at least £38,700 to obtain a visa, up from £26,200, while care workers will be barred from bringing in dependants from next April.

The home office said the revision will encourage “businesses to look to British talent first and invest in their workforce, helping us to deter employers from over-relying on migration, whilst bringing salaries in line with the average full-time salary for these types of jobs”.

“The government will also increase the minimum income required for British citizens and those settled in the UK who want their family members to join them,” the statement added.

“Altogether, this reinforces that all those who want to work and live here must be able to support themselves, are contributing to the economy, and are not burdening the state.”

The home office also reiterated plans to review the graduate visa route “to ensure it works in the best interests of the UK and to ensure steps are being taken to prevent abuse”.

In May, the government announced a package of measures to cut the number of student visas being issued, including removing the right for international students to bring dependants unless they are on postgraduate research courses and removing the ability for international students to switch onto work routes before their studies are completed.

This will come into force for courses starting in January 2024.

“Immigration is too high. Today we’re taking radical action to bring it down. These steps will make sure that immigration always benefits the UK,” Rishi Sunak, British prime minister, had written on X, formerly Twitter.

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Bodex F. Hungbo, SPMIIM is a multiple award-winning Nigerian Digital Media Practitioner, Digital Strategist, PR consultant, Brand and Event Expert, Tv Presenter, Tier-A Blogger/Influencer, and a top cobbler in Nigeria.

She has widespread experiences across different professions and skills, which includes experiences in; Marketing, Media, Broadcasting, Brand and Event Management, Administration and Management with prior stints at MTN, NAPIMS-NNPC, GLOBAL FLEET OIL AND GAS, LTV, Silverbird and a host of others

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