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Here are 5 self-prescribed drugs that Nigerians overuse



These drugs have been over used and abused by Nigerians.

The self-prescription game is one that we Nigerians are all too familiar with.

We’ve all been there, haven’t we? It’s like we have an honorary medical degree, diagnosing every little ailment as malaria or typhoid.

And don’t even get me started on Nigerian mums. They’re the ultimate home doctors, knowing exactly what drug to prescribe for any discomfort or sickness.

Who needs a real doctor when you have mum right?

Now, technically speaking, this self-prescription might be considered drug abuse, but let’s be honest, do we Nigerians even care? As long as the drugs get the job done, we’re good.

Here are some of those drugs we Nigerians are guilty of overusing:

You can find Paracetamol in almost every Nigerian household. You’ll never find a shortage of Paracetamol around here. In fact, it’s one of the most abused drugs. We use for just about any kind of pain imaginable. Headaches? Check. Body aches? Check. Menstrual cramps? Check. Toothaches? You bet. Muscle aches? Oh, definitely. And even for malaria, Paracetamol is still the number 1 go-to.

This popular over-the-counter drug works wonders as a fever reducer and pain reliever. Apparently, there’s no stopping Nigerians from overusing this drug because truth be told, it works.

Vitamin C
This is another one of our beloved but overly-used drugs.

You can spot it in both white and orange colours and are used for various ailments like mouth sores and colds, regulating sugar levels, reducing cholesterol, and even tackling skin problems.

Now, here’s a little fact: there’s a popular belief that the white vitamin C works better and faster than the orange ones. This is not true. Both the white and orange variants serve the same purpose in the body.


Flagyl is an antibacterial drug that is used to calm purging and bowel issues. This medication has quite a reputation in Nigeria as the go-to solution for an upset stomach.

If you’re Nigerian, you know that Flagyl is usually paired with Tetracycline also known as red and yellow capsule.

You just pop two tablets each of Flagyl along with tetracycline and your purging stops.

For many Nigerian women who have had unprotected sex, this is often the go-to option.

The active ingredient in Postinor-2 is Levonorgestrel, a strong component that works by preventing the fertilisation of the egg by sperm.

It has to be pointed out though as many women confuse Postinor to be an abortion drug. It is a pregnancy-prevention drug which means that it only prevents pregnancy from occurring rather than terminating an already existing pregnancy.

Alabukun is a very popular painkiller that can be easily gotten from hawkers, street vendors, and drug stores.

Many people take Alabukun with alcohol but it’s important to note that this drug has potential medical implications and should not be abused.

To conclude: It’s always advisable to talk with healthcare professionals or pharmacists so that they can guide you through the appropriate use of medications.

Stay sharp, prioritise your health, and don’t go swallowing any drug just to find relief from your self-diagnosed illness.


Turmeric may be as effective as medicine in treating indigestion, study says




A study says turmeric, a natural compound found in spice, may be as good for treating indigestion as medicine.

According to the study published in the medical journal, curcumin, a natural compound found in turmeric, may be as effective as omeprazole, a drug used to treat dyspepsia (indigestion).

Turmeric is thought to have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties and has long been used as a medicinal remedy, including for the treatment of indigestion.

The study involved 206 patients aged 18 to 70 with recurrent upset stomach who were recruited from hospitals in Thailand between 2019 and 2020.

The participants were randomly assigned to three treatment groups for 28 days.

One group received two large 250 mg capsules of curcumin (turmeric) four times a day and one small dummy capsule; another received one small 20 mg capsule omeprazole daily and two large dummy capsules 4 times a day; and the last group received turmeric plus omeprazole.

Patients in all three groups were evaluated for their symptoms after 28 days and then again after 56.

The researchers found that oral curcumin was safe and well tolerated, and that patients in all three groups experienced a similar improvement in symptoms.

“Curcumin and omeprazole had comparable efficacy for functional dyspepsia with no obvious synergistic effect,” the researchers concluded.

“This multi-centre randomised controlled trial provides highly reliable evidence for the treatment of functional dyspepsia.

“The new findings from our study may justify considering curcumin in clinical practice.”

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5 foods and drinks to avoid while on drugs




Some drinks and foods don’t mix with prescription drugs.

When the doctor prescribes certain drugs, there are drinks and foods you should stay away from so your drugs can work effectively.

Here they are:

Dark chocolate, in particular, might reduce the effectiveness of medications used to relax or induce sleep, such as zolpidem tartrate (Ambien) and methylphenidate (Ritalin) for those with hyperactivity. If you take a MAO inhibitor, which is used to treat depression with chocolate, it can cause dangerously high blood pressure.

Calcium in dairy products, such as milk, cheese, and yoghurt, can inhibit drug absorption in antibiotics like tetracycline and ciprofloxacin. This compromises the medication’s effectiveness in treating infections. Avoid calcium-containing meals an hour before or two hours after taking these antibiotics.

Grapefruit, a citrus fruit, can affect over 50 drugs in the gut, making some less effective and others too strong, especially cholesterol-lowering drugs like atorvastatin.

Eating grapefruit or grapefruit juice can inhibit an enzyme necessary for statin metabolism, increasing the risk of side effects like muscle pain. The most problematic statins are atorvastatin, lovastatin, and simvastatin, which are commonly used in cholesterol-lowering drugs.

To be safer, patients are advised to avoid grapefruit and grapefruit juice entirely while on statins.

Apple or orange juice can decrease levels of beta-blockers like Tenormin and Tekturna which prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems.

New-generation antihistamines for allergies can also interact with acidic juices like apple, orange, and grapefruit, affecting absorption and neutralizing the effect of these medications.

For those taking calcium channel blockers, avoid grapefruit juice, as it can render the drug ineffective. Also avoid orange fruit juice if you are on malaria drugs.

  1. Alcohol and most drugs
    Alcohol can impair the efficacy of drugs, weaken blood pressure and cardiac medications, or enhance their effect and produce dangerous adverse effects.
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7 effects of prolonged headphone usage




In our modern world, headphones have become an indispensable accessory which has become more like a necessity.

Whether we’re grooving to our favourite tunes, immersing ourselves in a thrilling podcast, or trying to find some peace in a noisy environment, headphones offer a convenient escape. However, the convenience they provide comes at a cost.

Prolonged headphone usage can have detrimental effects on our physical and mental well-being.

One of the most apparent consequences of excessive headphone usage is hearing damage.

The World Health Organization estimates that over a billion young people worldwide are at risk of hearing loss due to unsafe listening practices, including the prolonged use of headphones at high volumes.

When the volume is cranked up to dangerous levels, it can cause permanent damage to the delicate hair cells in our inner ears, leading to hearing impairment.

Wearing headphones for extended periods can also increase the risk of ear infections. The enclosed environment inside the ear cups can trap moisture, creating a breeding ground for bacteria.

Over time, this can lead to painful ear infections and discomfort, potentially requiring medical attention.

Tinnitus, often described as a persistent ringing, buzzing, or hissing sound in the ears, can be a consequence of excessive headphone use. Listening to music or other audio at high volumes can overstimulate the auditory nerves, leading to the perception of these phantom sounds. Tinnitus can be not only distressing but also challenging to treat.

While headphones offer a refuge from external noise, prolonged use can result in social isolation.

When we constantly plug into our own private auditory world, we may unintentionally distance ourselves from friends, family, and the surrounding environment.

This isolation can lead to a decline in interpersonal relationships and a disconnect from the real world.

Listening to calming music can be a great stress reliever, but when used excessively or in noisy environments, headphones can contribute to stress and anxiety.

The need to block out external sounds can indicate a desire to escape from stressors, and this can become a maladaptive coping mechanism, potentially exacerbating mental health issues.

Wearing headphones for long hours can cause physical discomfort, such as ear pain and soreness.

The pressure applied to the ears and the heat generated within the ear cups can lead to irritation and discomfort. This discomfort can be particularly pronounced when using over-ear headphones.

Prolonged headphone usage can also impact cognitive function. Constant exposure to loud music or audio can reduce concentration and productivity levels, making it harder to focus on tasks.

This is especially concerning for students and professionals who rely on their ability to concentrate.

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Bodex F. Hungbo, SPMIIM is a multiple award-winning Nigerian Digital Media Practitioner, Digital Strategist, PR consultant, Brand and Event Expert, Tv Presenter, Tier-A Blogger/Influencer, and a top cobbler in Nigeria.

She has widespread experiences across different professions and skills, which includes experiences in; Marketing, Media, Broadcasting, Brand and Event Management, Administration and Management with prior stints at MTN, NAPIMS-NNPC, GLOBAL FLEET OIL AND GAS, LTV, Silverbird and a host of others

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