An MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) study has found that drinking alcohol even in moderate to low amounts during pregnancy can change the baby’s brain structure and delay its development.
For the study presented on Tuesday at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA), a group of researchers analysed MRI exams of 24 foetuses with prenatal alcohol exposure.
The foetuses were between 22 and 36 weeks of gestation at the time of the MRI.
Alcohol exposure was determined via anonymous surveys of the mothers.
Seventeen of 24 mothers drank alcohol relatively infrequently, with average alcohol consumption of less than one alcoholic drink per week.
Three mothers drank one to three drinks per week, and two mothers drank four to six drinks per week.
One mother consumed an average of 14 or more drinks per week.
Six mothers also reported at least one binge drinking event exceeding four drinks on one occasion during pregnancy.
The researchers found that the foetal total maturation score (fTMS) for the babies with alcohol exposure was significantly lower than in the age-matched controls while the right superior temporal sulcus (STS) was shallower.
STS, the researchers explained, is involved in social cognition, audiovisual integration, and language perception.
The researchers said the brain changes were seen in the foetuses even at low levels of alcohol exposure.
“We found the greatest changes in the temporal brain region and STS. We know that the formation of the STS has a great influence on language development during childhood,” said Gregor Kasprian, senior author of the study.
Although they stated that the long-term effects are still unclear, the researchers said alcohol consumption during pregnancy can expose the foetus to a group of conditions called foetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
Babies born with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, they added, could develop learning disabilities, behavioral problems, or speech and language delays.
Cough, dry skin, fatigue… See dangers of eating cold food
For whatever reasons,some people love cold foods and for them, a meal is incomplete without a cold drink.
Chiefly, cold meals are not foods that should become a habit; they should be eaten on rare occasions and determined by the room or body temperature.
They do more harm than good in the body;
Damage the spleen
The main components of the digestive system is believed to be the stomach, small and large intestines however, Chinese medicine believes that the stomach and spleen are the main components of the digestive system.
According to Chinese medicine, cold and damp foods can damage the spleen hence the spleen’s function in aiding nutrients absorption can be severely diminished.
This is because the body is regularly exposed to wet and cold foods and lack of proper absorption can put off balance virtually any of the body’s systems, making the body prone to diseases.
Expend more energy from the body
Taking in cold foods is like giving the body extra work to do as the body has to expend some energy to warm up the cold foods.
The body needs calories to warm up the cold food and these calories are taken from the ones already stored up in the body.
The process equally demands some energy from the body for proper digestion and to combat illness.
Expose the body to illness
Health issues like fatigue, cysts, tumours, bacterial infections, coughs, catarrh, dry skin, excessive bloating amongst many others could be developed if cold foods are excessively eaten.
This is because when cold food is ingested, the body counteracts the temperature difference in order to make available a suitable environment for these enzymes in the stomach necessary for digestion to function well.
Phlegm is formed in the lungs when cold food enters the oesophagus, which lowers lung function and capacity because the cold food encounters the warm vaporized fluid in the lungs.
Furthermore, phlegm formed in the lungs blocks the free flow of energy that travels through the body; the danger of this is person’s ability to maintain a normal temperature.
Five health benefits of ofada rice
Ofada rice is a local variety of rice grown in the southwestern part of Nigeria, particularly in Ogun state. It is believed to have been named after Ofada town, where it was first cultivated.
It is unpolished rice that is highly sought-after due to its unique flavour and taste. Ofada rice is traditionally boiled and served in a leaf with a spicy sauce filled with locust beans popularly called Ayamase.
This local rice is filled with lots of nutrients ranging from zinc, potassium, calcium, iron, vitamin B1 and more.
Here are some of the health benefits you would enjoy when you add it to your diet.
Ofada rice helps improve the digestive system and makes digestion easy due to the dietary fiber present in it.
A study has shown that Ofada rice contains more phosphorus and fiber in raw, cooked, and soaked states than imported rice.
These nutrients also help in reducing the risk of bowel disorders, constipation, bloating, and other gastrointestinal cancers such as gastric ulcers.
Prevents neurodegenerative disease
Ofada rice improves cognitive reasoning and prevents neurodegenerative diseases — health conditions that affect the neurons like Alzheimer’s disease, and dementia.
According to a study, the content of Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) found in germinated brown rice like ofada helps calm the nerves thereby preventing these diseases.
Lowers bad cholesterol level
Ofada should be added to your diet if you want to let go of those high cholesterols due to their selenium content.
Low cholesterol in the body means a healthy heart which eventually leads to a reduction in the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Ofada also helps keep diabetes in control. A study has shown that its low glycemic index controls blood glucose levels thereby reducing the risk of diabetes.
Strengthens the bone
There is a great amount of folate, zinc, magnesium and phosphorus in ofada. All of these nutrients play important role in building and maintaining healthy and strong bones in the body.
Ofada is also recommended to avoid bone-related diseases.
Aids weight loss
Replacing white rice with ofada can help you lose weight. Yes, it can because it is a low-calorie and gluten-free food and also contains high fiber levels.
These nutrients help increase your satiety and prevent you from consuming excess calories that can make you gain weight.
To learn how to prepare ofada rice, click here.
Studies say these 7 drinks can help you lose weight
Are you trying to lose weight? You’re not alone. While there are no particular drinks that can make you shed instantly, certain beverages can keep you satiated for longer and prevent you from consuming excess calories throughout the day.
There are also certain drinks we take in — particularly sugar-sweetened beverages — which account for unnecessary calories in the body which lead to weight gain and unfavorable health effects.
Here are some low-calorie drinks you should incorporate into your diet to achieve your weight loss goal.
Increasing your water intake is one of the easiest ways to improve your overall health.
Water has no calories and also tends to fill you up so you don’t overeat.
According to research, taking water before a meal helps you cut down on calories and lose weight.
Drinking enough water has also been proven to increase resting energy expenditure — the number of calories you burn while resting — by 24-30% in just 10 minutes.
Also, a 2019 study found that increased water intake and replacement of caloric beverages with water result in a loss of 5.15% in body weight.
So henceforth, ditch those caloric drinks and sip water.
Due to the caffeine in it, most people take coffee to improve their mood and energy. However, it can also help in weight loss.
Drinking coffee has been shown to decrease appetite and calorie intake while also increasing the number of calories you burn while resting.
However, adding creamer, milk or sugar increases coffee’s calorie content, which can cancel out the weight loss benefits.
So drink it black or with lower-calorie additions like almond milk.
Protein shakes or smoothies are drinks or beverages that are high in protein content.
The protein content in these shakes and smoothies curbs hunger; promotes fullness, and decreases appetite, which is quite important when trying to shed some pounds.
A study also found that protein drinks increase the level of hunger-reducing hormones and decrease ghrelin, a hormone that increases appetite.
Whey, pea, and hemp protein powders are some types of drinks you can add to your diet today to lose those calories.
However, while getting them, make sure to check the product labels in order to avoid getting the ones with too much sugar.
Black tea is great for weight loss due to the high content of antioxidants — called polyphenols — present in it.
A study has shown that the polyphenols found in black tea promote weight loss and reduce the risk of obesity.
It found that it reduces calorie intake, stimulates fat breakdown, and boosts the growth of healthy gut bacteria.
Ginger is mostly known to be a spice and a herbal remedy for some conditions like nausea and cold.
However, some studies have proven that it has beneficial effects on weight loss and also cardiovascular health.
Due to its antioxidants, anti-inflammatory properties, and a compound called gingerol in ginger, it can improve blood sugar and reduce bad cholesterol.
Ginger tea also reduces appetite and increases the number of calories needed to digest and absorb food.
Green tea is rich in two powerful antioxidants — catechins and caffeine.
These antioxidants, according to a study, are beneficial to weight loss as they help increase fat burning and boost metabolism.
It is generally known that eating vegetables is beneficial to health. However, turning them into juice also help lose weight.
Taking vegetable juice will reduce carb intake which will eventually lead to the loss of significant calories.
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Bodex F. Hungbo, SPMIIM is a multiple award-winning Nigerian Digital Media Practitioner, Digital Strategist, PR consultant, Brand and Event Expert, Tv Presenter, Tier-A Blogger/Influencer, and a top cobbler in Nigeria.
She has widespread experiences across different professions and skills, which includes experiences in; Marketing, Media, Broadcasting, Brand and Event Management, Administration and Management with prior stints at MTN, NAPIMS-NNPC, GLOBAL FLEET OIL AND GAS, LTV, Silverbird and a host of others
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